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Title:              Assessment Knowledge, Attitudes And Practice Of Breast Cancer Screening Among Female Undergraduate Students In Enugu State, Nigeria

Affiliation:     Public Health Department
                     School of Health Technology
                     Federal University of Technology, Owerri  Imo State

Date:             April, 2015

This study was aimed at assessing the knowledge, attitude and practice of breast cancer screening among undergraduate female students in Enugu State,
Nigeria. A total of 280 female undergraduates accepted to be involved in the study, majority of who were between 20-24 years. A semi-structured
questionnaire was used to elicit information from respondents. The result showed that the majority of the respondents (96.8%) had high knowledge of
breast cancer screening due to the fact that they are being taught as students.
Furthermore, women who had received information from physicians and medical books including; undergraduate female students had greater
knowledge (17.5%) of breast cancer and detection because they come in contact with health professionals for different diseases other than breast
problems also. Majority of the respondents (99.7%) had heard of breast cancer. 43.6% knew that the cause of breast cancer is known. 51.4% knew
that breast cancer could be inherited and greater percentage of the respondents (80.0%) agreed that one of the best ways of detection is
screening. In conclusion, the study showed that majority of the female undergraduates had knowledge of breast cancer. Screening and performed
breast self examination but not correctly. It is recommended that breast cancer screening and breast self examination awareness campaign is therefore
necessary to improve early breast detection and breast health practices be improved throught appropriate health education programme targeted at young
women to inculcate the practice of screening among them.


Title:             Study Of The Properties Of Some Local Clays For The Production Of Floor Tiles

Affiliation:    Materials and Metallurgical Engineering Department
                    School of School of Engineering and Engineering Technology
                    Federal University of Technology, Owerri  Imo State

Date:            March, 2014

The suitability of some clay deposits in South Eastern Nigeria (Unwana, Ekebedi, Okigwe and Nsu) as materials for the production of floor tiles was investigated. The clay samples were analyzed using wet classical method to determine their chemical composition. Floor tile test specimens were produced using standard method. The test specimens were tested for physical properties such as compressive strength and porosity at 10500C and 11500C temperature levels. The chemical analysis showed the following results: Unwana (SiO2,52.24%, AL2O3, 27.20%,Fe2O37% TiO2(1.52%), Ekebedi SiO2 (58.53%) Al2O3 (28.42%), Fe2O3 (1.41%),TiO2 (1.12%), Nsu SiO2(58.16%), Al2O3(28.03%), Fe2O3 (1.89%), TiO2(0.82), Okigwe SiO2 (53.00%), Al2O3 (27.40%), Fe2O3 (6.56%),TiO2 (1.31%). The compressive strength of Unwana, Ekebedi, Okigwe and Nsu clays at 10500C are respectively 15MPa, 13.75MPa, 14.5MPa and 13.5MPa. At 11500C, the values are 16.2MPa and 16.0MPa for Ekebedi and Nsu clays respectively. The porosity of Unwana, Ekebedi, Okigwe and Nsu clays at 10500C are respectively 31.57%, 23.15%, 27.30% and 24.21%. At 11500C, the values are 23.65% and 24.75% for Ekebedi and Nsu respectively. The four clays can be used for the production of tiles but Ekebedi has the highest compressive strength which makes it the most suitable clay for the production of floor tiles when compared with floor tiles of the same nominal size stipulated by ASTM standard.


Title:          Assessment Of Trace Metal Contamination Of Selected Fish Species From Choba And Aluu Axis Of New-Calabar River, Rivers State Nigeria

Affiliation: Environmental Technology Department
                 School of Environmental Sciences Technology
                 Federal University of Technology, Owerri  Imo State
Date:        October, 2015

This study investigated the trace metal contamination of two fish
species Clariasgariepinus and Oreochromisniloticus obtained from the Choba axis
(Downstream) and Aluu axis (Upstream) of New Calabar River in Rivers State.
The fishes were dried, ashed and analysed for trace metals such as Zn, Pb, Cd and
Cu using the atomic absorption spectrophotometer of model Unican Solar 969.The
results obtained showed that Pb values ranged from 0.097 to 0.655 mg/kg with the
highest obtained in Oreochromisniloticusat Choba axis. There was no significant
difference in the Pb values among the fishes. Cu ranged 17.7-58.2mg/kg, highest
value obtained in Clariasgariepinusat Aluu axis. Zinc(Zn) values ranged from 28.5
to 52.1mg/kg. At Aluu, Cd was not detected in the two fish species, values obtain
at Choba were 0.17mg/kg for Clariasgariepinus and 1.39mg/kg
for Oreochromisniloticus. Zn and Cu levels in the two fish species at the upstream
end exceeded the FAO permissible limits. Also Pb and Cd values in
Oreochromisniloticus, at the downstream end exceeded FAO permissible limit.
The mean trace metal concentration of the water samples ranged from Zn:
1.145±0.01-2.58± 0.1mg/L, Cu: 0.55±0.02-1.2±0.0 mg/L, Pb: 0.018± 0.01mg/l and
Cd: 0.034mg/l. Pb and Cd were not detected at Choba axis. The risk assessment
for daily intake of consumers of fish from the river indicated that the noncarcinogenic
risk tends to become significant with exposure duration of30years of
consumption, mainly for Cd, Zn and Cu exposure since the indices exceeded the
acceptable limits of non-cancer hazard quotient.

Author:        Egwuonwu, Helen Adeola

Title:            Assessment Of The Effects Of Selected Rural Development Interventions On Rural Women In Imo State, Nigeria

Affiliation:    Agricultural Extension Department
                    School of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology
                    Federal University of Technology, Owerri  Imo State

Date:           January, 2017

The study assessed the effects of selected rural development interventions on rural women in Imo State of Nigeria. The study determined the level of awareness and participation of rural women in the development projects, assessed the extent of intervention by development agencies, analyzed the effects of the selected intervention programmes on rural women’s socio economic conditions and also examined the constraints militating against rural women from benefiting in the interventions. Data for the study were collected using structured and validated questionnaire from 402 rural women in the three agricultural zones of Imo state who were selected through multi-stage random sampling technique. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics such as mean, frequency distribution, Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Ordinary Least Square (OLS) multiple regression technique. The result showed that majority of the rural women (34.3%) had primary education and had spent more than 17 years in their major occupation. Majority (50.2%) have household size of 5 to 8 members. The average monthly income of the rural women was N15,752. Majority of the women (64.2%) had savings while majority (64.9%) did not have access to credit facility. The mean level of participation in development intervention was 1.84 out of acceptable mean level of 2 indicating low level of participation. The extent of interventions was (X = 2.84) out of 2.5 decision rule which indicated that the development agencies intervened to some extent. The level of perception of the effects of rural development intervention on women was low (X = 2.38) out of 2.5 decision rule and most of the agencies efforts were directed towards agricultural productivity. The grand mean of constraints limiting women from benefiting from development interventions was high (X= 3.07), some of the constraints women perceived were lack of continuity in the program (X = 3.60) and embezzlement of fund meant for development (X = 3.43) among others. The OLS result showed that women’s age, years of education, household size, major occupation, income and years of experience showed significant contributions in the level of participation in rural development. Also, household size, major occupation, membership of social organization, income and years of experience contributed significantly to the variation in the level of perception of effects of rural development interventions. Therefore, the study recommended among others that government should ensure that the development intervention agencies should be functional and effective in the rural areas since the rural women could not feel the impacts of these interventions. The activities of these development interventions should be well packaged by creating awareness through several seminars, campaigns, meetings, and publicity in order to encourage rural women to participate and benefit from the development interventions.


Title:          Effects Of Red Mud And Gravel Sludge On The Mobility And Plant Uptake Of Trace Metals From A Contaminated soil

Affiliation: Environmental Technology Department
                 School of Environmental Sciences Technology
                 Federal University of Technology, Owerri  Imo State

Date:         October, 2015

An investigation was carried out to assess the role of organic minerals viz(Red
Mud(RM),Gravel Sludge(GS)) in heavy metal mobility and uptake by plant
species. Heavy Metal(HM) contaminated soil obtained from Nekede auto
mechanic village was amended with organic minerals viz RM and GS to obtain
three different combinations viz HM-soil +RM,HM-soil+GS and HMsoil+
RM+GS. Soil without amendment served as control. The treatments were
replicated three times and was laid out in a simple completely randomized design.
Metal leachability experiment was conducted using nitrocellulose membrane filter
and Amaranthus viridis seedlings was used to evaluate metal uptake. Results
obtained showed that the amendment combination HM+RM+GS adsorbed Cd:
0.4mg/kg, Pb: 232.2mg/kg, Zn: 324.5mg/kg, Cu:113.6mg/kg. Also HM +GS had
Cd:1.0mg/kg, Pb:456.8mg/kg, Zn:623.8mg/kg and Cu:213.5mg/kg and HM +RM
had Cd: 1.2 mg/kg, Pb:578.6 mg/kg, Zn:543.7mg/kg, Cu:321.4 mg/kg as against
the control of 21.5mg/kg, 982.8mg/kg, 1087.1mg/kg and 785.5mg/kg, respectively.
Amaranthus viridis metal concentration grown on the mineral amendments gave
HM + RM +GS Cd: 0.1 mg/kg, Pb: 98.3 mg/kg, Zn:112.7mg/kg, Cu:201.5 mg/kg,
HM +GS :Cd:0.3 mg/kg, Pb: 213.6mgkg, Zn:233.9mg/kg, Cu:214.6mg/kg and HM
+RM Cd: 0.6mg/kg,, Pb:224.3mg/kg Zn:214mg/kg, Cu:255.7 mg/kg as against
control of 12.3mg/kg, 356.7mg/kg, 432.5mg/kg and 564.2mg/kg respectively. The
amendment was effective in reducing metal mobility and was highly significant
when the amendment were in combination.