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Author:         ADANNA HENRI-UKOHA

Title:              Land Tenure, Gender And Food Security Among Cassava - Based Farmers In Abia State

Affiliation:     Agricultural Economics Department
                     School of  Agriculture and Agricultural Technology
                     Federal University of Technology, Owerri  Imo State

Date:            June, 2012

ABSTRACT
This study on land tenure, gender and food security among cassava-based farmers in Abia state, Nigeria was carried out to achieve the following specific objectives among others, viz determining the socio-economic characteristics of cassava-based farming households by gender in selected land tenure systems; assessing the land tenure systems, land holding access and land use patterns; determining the quantities of cassava tubers demanded and supplied by gender, the net income of the cassava-based farmers by gender associated with land tenure systems in the area. Others include; isolating the factors influencing the net income; assessing food security level, land holding access as well as their determinants. Primary data used for the study were collected with the aid of structured questionnaire. The sample size comprises 90 and 54 male headed farming households as well as 144 and 72 female headed households for individual and communal land tenure systems respectively making a total of 360 cassava farming household respondents. Descriptive statistics, Gross Margin analysis, Net Farm Income analysis as well as Multiple regression technique and Food Security models were the tools employed for analyzing the field data for this study. Results showed that; the mean age of the male and female farming households under the individual tenure system was 44 and 47years while the communal system was 48 and 50years respectively. The most predominant land tenure system under individual tenure was inheritance for males while for females, it was rent. In communal, both groups obtained their farm land through communal sources. Majority of the male headed households under individual had good access, the females, no access whereas under communal tenure both group of farmers had restrictive access. Under both tenure and both households, shifting cultivation was the most predominant land use pattern. Results also showed that the net farm income of male and female headed households under individual land tenure systems were N467,037 and N357,308 per hectare respectively while the male and female headed households involved in communal tenure systems had the net farm income of N284,507 and N314,709 per hectare respectively. The regression results showed that farming experience, level of education, social organization, access to credit, occupation, access to land and cost of inputs were significant in both groups of farming households except in female headed households where household size was the additional factor affecting net farm income under both tenure systems. Also, farm income, farm size, farming experience, membership of co-operative organisation, level of education, access to credit, extension contact, extent of produce sales were significant in both groups of farming households except in female headed households where labour use and household production enterprise were the additional significant factors affecting food security under both tenure systems. For the determinants of land holding access, age, income, asset size, farming experience, level of education, land prices, transaction cost, access to credit and location of farmland were significant in both group of households except in female headed households where location of farmland was the additional factor affecting landholding access in both tenure system. The most problem encountered by both group of farmers involved in individual land tenure system was high cost of labour while lack of tenure security was the greatest problem encountered by the both group of farmers involved in communal land tenure system. The land use act should be reviewed and enforced. There is a need to put in place other agencies that will improve extension services, credit facilities and make farm inputs available at subsidized costs especially to female headed households.

Author:         KUMANWEE, FELIX TOMBARI

Title:              Corporate Social Responsibility And Firm Performance; A Study Of Selected Oil Firms In Nigeria

Affiliation:     Management Technology Department
                     School of Management Technology
                     Federal University of Technology, Owerri  Imo State

Date:            March, 2016

ABSTRACT
This work evaluated the relationship between corporate social responsibility and firm performance in the Nigerian oil industry. Employing well-structured questionnaires administered with the aid of a three-point likert scale and the multiple regression analysis, it was found among others, that a significant relationship exists between corporate social responsibility (CSR) and organizational performance. Also the study revealed that three CSR variables, namely community development, environmental development and employee welfare were statistically significant. Thus, the study concludes that CSR with all the variables bearing a positive coefficient met the a priori expectation. Prominent among the recommendations, is the need for organizations to take up more corporate social responsibility activities in order to reduce the host community/firm tension and so encourage organizational performance.

Author:         IJEH NWAFEA VINCENT

Title:             The Impact Of Deposit Money Banks’ Credit On Economic Growth Of Nigeria (1981 – 2012).

Affiliation:     Financial Management Technology Department
                     School of Management Technology
                     Federal University of Technology, Owerri  Imo State

Date:             February, 2016

ABSTRACT
This research work investigates the impact of banks‟ credit on the growth of Nigerian economy between 1981 and 2012. The study was needed due to the central role which the deposit money banks‟ credits play in the economic, financial and social development and growth of the economy. The study made use of secondary data in its analysis. Four explanatory variables (Credit to Other Sectors, Credit to Service Sector, Credit to Production Sector, and Credit to General Commercial Sector) were specified and used to establish a relationship with the level of economic growth in Nigeria measured by real gross domestic product, industrial gross domestic product and agricultural gross domestic product using the multiple regression tool. The specific finding of the study is that: there is a significant relationship between deposit money banks‟ credit to other sectors and economic growth of Nigeria; there is a significant relationship between deposit money banks‟ credit to services sector and Nigeria economic growth; there is a significant relationship between deposit money banks‟ credit to the production sector and economic growth of Nigeria; there is no significant relationship between deposit money banks‟ credit to general commerce sector and economic growth of Nigeria. The conclusion therefore is that deposit money banks‟ credit enhances economic growth over the years. Based on the above finding the study recommends that: credit policies should be consistent and followed up to their logical conclusion, credit policies should be consistent for better implementation and result.

Author:          AGU, PAULINUS CHUKWUDI
 
Title:              Inhibition Of The Corrosion Of Mild Steel In Acidic Environment Using Azadirachta Indica (Neem) Leaf Extract As Inhibitor

Affiliation:     Materials and Metallurgical Engineering Department
                     School of Engineering and Engineering Technology
                     Federal University of Technology, Owerri  Imo State

Date:            January, 2010

ABSTRACT
The inhibition of corrosion of mild steel by Azadirachta indica leaf extract in acidic environments of HCl and HNO3 from pH1 to pH6 has been investigated using the weight loss technique. The Azadirachta indica leaf extract is the inhibitor and the mild steel used was in the form of coupons. The investigations were carried out at ambient temperature. The optimum concentration of the extract used for the experimentation was obtained by soaking 200g of ground fresh Azadirachta indica leaves in 250mls of cold water (i.e. 0.8g Azadirachta indica leaf/ml of water) for 30minutes. The inhibitor reduced the corrosion rate in HNO3 environment by over 70% at pH2 within 6hrs while the corrosion rate in
HCl was reduced by about 60% in pH3 within 6hrs. The inhibition efficiency was up to 85% in the HNO3 environment and 74% with the HCl. The efficiency of inhibition increased with increased exposure time but decreased with increase in pH of the environment. The inhibition of mild steel corrosion in the acid environments by Azadirachta indica leaf extract can be attributed to the adsorption of the inhibitor constituents (tannins, trisulphides, tetrasulphides etc) on the surface of the coupons. The data from the experimentation are consistent with Flory-Huggins adsorption isotherm and gives a standard free energy of adsorption ΔG0ads = -10.3kJ/mol which suggests physical adsorption mechanism, since this value is less than the threshold value for physical adsorption. The adsorption process in all cases was largely completed within the first nine hours of experimentation initiation with the resultant lowering and maintenance of the corrosion rate at a near constant value. This phenomenon may facilitate batch inhibitor application rather than the continuous application in facilities used for containing or transporting corrosive fluids.

Author:          FRANKLYN CHUKWUDI N. MBANEME

Title:              Assessment Of Groundwater Quality Around Abandoned Quarry Ponds Near Lower Benue Trough, Nigeria

Affiliation:     Environmental Technology Department
                     School of Environmental Sciences
                     Federal University of Technology, Owerri  Imo State

Date:             June, 2014

ABSTRACT
A field study was conducted on the Assessment of Ground Water Quality around Abandoned Quarry Ponds near Lower Benue Trough, Nigeria. Water samples were
collected using 1liter amber glass bottles each fitted with a screw cap and lined with foil from the four abandoned quarry pits measured fifty meters (50m) (165ft) deep. These were labeled ABP1, ABP2, ABP3, ABP4, while the wells were labeled HDW (hand dug wells) measured eighty meters (80m) (264ft) deep and BH (borehole), measured two hundred eighty meters (280m) (924ft). In-situ measurements were done with HORIBA U-10 Water Quality Checker to determine pH, temperature, total dissolved solids, turbidity, conductivity, and salinity.
Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation (r) and test of homogeneity (ANOVA) were used to analyse data. There were no wide variations in the levels of the physicochemical parameters of water samples from the abandoned quarry ponds and wells. pH levels ranges between 6.800 and 8.000 (7.200±0.225), temperature ranged between 29.000 and 29.400 (29.067±0.0667)oC, turbidity ranged between 5.00 and 20.00 (10.83±2.71)NTU, total dissolved solids (TDS) ranged between 500 and 1020 (720±103)mg/L, total suspended solids (TSS) ranged between 50 and 800 (525±106) mg/L, Salinity ranged between 5.00 and 15.00 (10.00±1.83)0/00, conductivity ranged between 50.0 and 500.0 (183.7±69.1) μS∕cm, CaCO3 ranged between30.0 and 500.0 (355.0±92.2) mg/L, Nitrate ranged between8.00 and 25.00 (13.83±2.52) mg/L, Sulfate150.0 and 280.0 (215.0±18.4) mg/L while Sodium 205.0 and 300.0 (255.8±15.5) mg/L. There was significant variation in levels of the physicochemical parameters measured [F (19.27) > F crit (2.37)] at P< 0.05 and sodium, conductivity, Sulfate and Calcium Carbonate were the most responsible for the observed inequality. Nitrate correlated positively with turbidity(r=0.942), and sulfate correlated positively with total dissolved solids (r=0.942) while turbidity correlated positively with total dissolved solids, (r=0.930) and (r=0.964) at P<0.01. Results indicated that the near surface water table and rock over-breaking due to uncontrolled blasting enhance pond water and groundwater interaction, thereby increasing groundwater pollution. And this could be responsible for the increased levels of the physicochemical parameters in the hand dug wells which portends grave danger to consumers in the study areas.